The history books tell of the fate of Mary, Queen of Scots, who was beheaded for treason after making the mistake of defying her powerful cousin Elizabeth I. Gaetano Donizetti and his young librettist Giuseppe Bardari – inspired by Schiller's play – worked with passionate fidelity to convert this clash between two Queens into the opera Maria Stuarda. But a personal conflict fired by rivalry between the two leading ladies was superimposed on the historical one and their fits of temper created numerous problems with the censors in Naples from the first rehearsals until ultimately the performances were banned. In 1835 the opera was premiered at the Scala in Milan with Maria Malibran in the title role. Malibran decided, in a brave but short-lived gesture, to defy the censors by singing all the words that had been expurgated. After just a few performances, the authorities cancelled the work and Maria Stuarda was forgotten for a century, until it was rediscovered in 1958. Since then it has grown steadily in both popularity and prestige.
Lyric tragedy in two acts (critical edition by Anders Wiklund). Libretto by Giuseppe Bardari based on Andrea Maffei's Italian translation of Maria Stuart by Friedrich von Schiller. Music by Gaetano Donizetti. Premiered on 30 December 1835 at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan. First Barcelona performance at the Teatre de la Santa Creu on 25 February 1843. First staged at the Gran Teatre del Liceu on 5 January 1969. Last performed at the Liceu on 24 November 2003 in concert version.
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Act I: 73 min
Pause: 30 min
Act II: 64 min
Total time aprox.: 2 h 55 min
2 January 2014
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