The Gran Teatre del Liceu, aware of the importance of environmental protection, has implemented an Environmental and Energy Management System, through which to contribute to its preservation.
The Gran Teatre del Liceu was the first European theatre which obtained in 2004 the certification for Environmental Management System according to ISO 14.001, complying with international standards for environmental management systems. It also obtained the EMAS certification (Eco-management and Audit Scheme), complying with the European regulations for eco-management and audit scheme systems.
The EMAS register is a system that promotes the continuous improvement of the environmental performance of organizations. With the implementation of this Environmental Management System, the Gran Teatre del Liceu is committed to develop its work with the maximum respect and to use all the tools available to improve their environmental performance.
Even though the theater is not a particularly polluting entity, it can help managing resources in the best possible way in order to minimize the impact that may occur.
The scope of the system are all the activities that take place in the installations that form the Gran Teatre del Liceu and related environmental impacts. This system is a self-assessment tool to evaluate the environmental and energy impacts associated with the activities of the theater. From this knowledge, it triggers a process of continuous improvement in their daily work to minimize these impacts and finally self-control mechanisms is established to ensure the proper functioning of the entire system structure.
In 2011, the Gran Teatre del Liceu obtained the certification that proves their Energy Management System in accordance with UNE EN 16.001, and in 2013 obtained the ISO 50.001 certification which replaced the previous norm. Thus, Gran Teatre del Liceu was the first opera house in Europe to achieve this distinction.
In 2016 and, in the spirit of being role model and encourage other cultural facilities, the Gran Teatre del Liceu obtained the Distintiu de Garantia de Qualitat Ambiental. This distinctive is a Catalan eco-labeling system that identifies and officially certifies that certain products or services exceed certain requirements of environmental quality beyond established as required by current regulations.
Thus, Gran Teatre del Liceu integrates all the environmental commitments and all the energy ones in one Environmental and Energy Policy, and all managed through an Environmental and Energy Management System (SGAiE) consolidating these environmental commitments, efficiency energy and continuous improvement.
Within this process of continuous improvement, annual targets are set, both to improve the environmental impact of activities, such as energy savings and energy efficiency, which are audited annually.
The theater prepares the Environmental Statement every season, a document detailing all the environmental and energy performance, the level of achievement of objectives and the compliance with legal requirements and other requirements.
Control of environmental impacts and on energy saving in terms of lighting, HVAC, water conservation, waste management and environmental training has allowed data as follows:
- An intense revision of the criteria for the evaluation of environmental aspects has been made, in order to adapt our evaluating system to the reality of the current day.
- Four water meters have been installed, one for each area of the building, and have been integrated into the energy efficiency software of the Theatre. These data allow us to identify the points of greatest consumption and therefore be able to prioritize actions aimed at reducing water consumption. Likewise, these counters allow us, in case of high water consumption, to limit their origin by facilitating the resolution of the incidence.
- The new IDEns that were defined for season 17-18 have had a more direct correlation with the electrical and natural gas consumptions and have allowed to monitor more accurately the behavior of the energy of the Theater.
- The investigation of LED lighting has been continued, for the main auditorium lighting, and also for investments in new moving lights for the stage, with the objective of reducing a 10% in electricity consumption due to scenic lighting.
- The objective of reducing a 10% in electricity consumption due to air conditioning is maintained. For that, there is a project for the next three years, for the renovation of two of the main climatizers of the building.
- This season has been a special follow-up to the entire purchasing process. Sustainable purchasing instructions have been created and training has been made for all the staff who buy at the Theatre. Additionally, environmental and energy clauses have been incorporated in those tenders that have a marked environmental and energy impact.
- Assessments of the environmental and energy behaviour of the sets workshops have been incorporated in the latest tenders. In particular, for the production DEMON, being leaders of the production and therefore responsible for the design and construction of sets and costumes, environmental and energy criteria could be introduced in the tender evaluation criteria. In this way, environmental and energy measures were requested regarding the life cycle of production. The constructive system of the wining proposal, where wood and aluminium are separated, makes the sets elements easy to separate and therefore it is more viable to reuse them later. On the other hand, the system of pieces of the wood lining in flexible elements, makes the majority of the curved pieces can be stored flat on a pallet ensuring its integrity. This achieve exploding elements that could be stored in flat elements on wood pallets, which is the best way to preserve the integrity of the load and minimize the volume to transport and, therefore, the emissions associated with this , among other aspects.